Facet joints help stabilize the spine and limit excessive motion. Facet Syndrome is the deterioration of those interlocking joints and the protective capsule that surrounds them. Facet syndrome occurs when the facet joints become stressed and damaged. This damage can occur from everyday wear and tear or from a traumatic injury to the spine.
Facet joints are lined with extremely sensitive neurons that send severe pain signals to the brain when irritated. Damage to the facet joints also produces and painful inflammatory response in the body.
Cervical symptoms include:
pain in the neck and shoulders
discomfort in the upper or middle back
Limited range of motion
Lumbar symptoms include:
pain in the low back
discomfort in the buttocks and back of the thigh
swelling and edema
limited range of motion